New BERG Working Paper No. 176 by Arne Lauber, Christoph March and Marco Sahm published!

In the BERG Working Paper Series Arne Lauber, Christoph March and Marco Sahm have published a new paper entitled "Optimal and Fair Prizing in Sequential Round-Robin Tournaments: Experimental Evidence".

A complete overview of all BERG Working Papers published so far can be found here.



We report results from the first experimental study of round-robin tournaments. In our experiment, we investigate how the prize structure affects the intensity, fairness, and dynamic behavior in sequential round-robin tournaments with three players. We compare tournaments with a second prize equal to either 0%, 50%, or 100% of the first prize. While theory predicts the 50%-treatment to be most intense, we find that aggregate effort is highest in the 0%-treatment. In contrast, our evidence supports the predictions that the 50%-treatment is fairest (though not perfectly fair), whereas the late mover is advantaged in the 100%-treatment and disadvantaged in the 0%-treatment. Also in line with the theory, we identify a strategic (reverse) momentum: after winning the first match, a player increases (decreases) effort in the second match of the 0%-treatment (100%-treatment). Additional findings suggest that dynamic behavior is also subject to a psychological momentum.