Univ.-Prof. Dr. Claus-Christian Carbon


Markusplatz 3
D-96047 Bamberg

Room 215 / M3

Fon: +49(0)951-863-1860
Fax: +49(0)951-863-1848

or, alternatively: +49(0)951-863-1800 (as Dean)

eMail: ccc(at)uni-bamberg.de

Consultation times

Wednesday, 11.15 - 11.45 o'clock and by personal appointment (room: M3/01.14)

During the semester holidays, please contact CCC via mail.

Research Agenda

My research is mostly aboout perception and cognition, including cognitive ergonomics, design- and aesthetics research, research on acceptance of innovation and technology and advanced applied methodology.

Main research topic is around EMPIRICAL AESTHETICS (see also www.epaeg.de).

Further topics:

  • Innovation Leadership
  • Acceptance of Innovation
  • Innovation Science
  • Perception
  • 3D
  • Cognitive maps
  • Scientometrics
  • Narration
  • Cognitive Traffic Psychology
  • Cognitive Market- and Adverstising Psychology

Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter http://www.experimental-psychology.de

Curriculum vitae (cv)

Curriculum vitae (cv) ist hier als PDF downloadbar

Research projects




Professor Claus-Christian Carbon, PhD


Markusplatz 3

D-96047 Bamberg

Room 215 / M3

Phone: +49 (0)95- 863-1860

Fax: +49 (0)951-601511

Email: ccc(at)uni-bamberg.de


Office Hours

Wednesday, 11:15 am to 11:45 am, or by appointment

Semester break office hours by appointment only!


Research Activities

I conduct research in the fields of perception and memory psychology, cognitive ergonomics, innovation and design studies, and applied psychology method development.


Additional research topics:

  • Cognitive maps
  • Scientometrics
  • Narrations
  • Cognitive traffic psychology
  • Methodology
  • Cognitive advertising and market psychology

Further information can be found at http://www.experimental-psychology.de


Curriculum Vitae

Please click here for a downloadable PDF of my CV.

Research Projects




Peer-reviewed publications (extended list)

{cIF-all > 460}


2023 and 'in press' {cIF=15.473}

[197] Pastukhov, A., Styrnal, M., & Carbon, C. C. (in press). History-dependent changes to distribution of dominance phases in multistable perception. Journal of Vision. {IF=2.24}

[196] Carbon, C. C. (in press). Connecting the beholder with the artwork: Thoughts on gaining liveliness by the usage of paraphernalia. i-Perception. {IF=1.492} 

[195] Pastukhov, A., Kossmann, L., & Carbon, C. C. (in press). Reconstructing a disambiguation sequence that forms perceptual memory of multistable displays via reverse correlation method: Bias onset perception but gently. Journal of Vision. {IF=2.24}

[194] Pavolva, M. A., Carbon, C. C., Coello, Y., Sokolov, A. A., & Proverbio, A. M. (2023). Editorial. Impact of face covering on social cognition and interaction. Frontiers in Neuoscience—Perception Science. {IF=5.152}

[193] Hoessler, S. & Carbon, C. C. (in press). Digital transformation and ambidexterity: A literature review on exploration and exploitation activities in companies’ digital transformation. International Journal of Innovation Management. 

[192] Muth, C., & Carbon, C. C. (in press). Ambivalence of artistic photographs stimulates interest and the motivation to engage.Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. {IF=4.349} 

2022 {cIF=29.621}

[191] Leder, J., Koßmann, L., & Carbon, C. C. (2022). Perceptions of persons who wear face coverings are modulated by the perceivers' attitude. Frontiers in Neuoscience—Perception Science, 16, 1-16. {IF=5.152} 

[190] Burzlaff, P., & Carbon, C. C., & Metzner, S. (2022). Potential of mixed methods in music therapy research. Musiktherapeutische Umschau. {IF=n.a.} 

[189] Utz, S., & Carbon, C. C. (2022). The unnoticed zoo: lnattentional deafness to animal sounds in music. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics. {IF=2.199} 

[188] Prasch, J., Neelim, A., Carbon, C. C., Schoormans, J. & Blijlevens, J. (2022). An Application of the Dual Identity Model and Active Categorisation to Increase Intercultural Closeness. Frontiers in Psychology—Personality and Social Psychology, 13(705858), 1-21. {IF=2.990} 

[187] Münder, M., & Carbon, C. C. (2022). A literature review [2000-2022] on vehicle acoustics -Investigations on perceptual parameters of interior soundscapes in electrified vehicles. Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering-Vibration Systems, 8(974464), 1-24. {IF=n.a} 

[186] Khozaei, F., Carbon, C. C., Hosseini, M., & Kim, M. J. (2022). Preferences for hotels with biophilic design attributes during post COVID-19 era. Buildings, 12(427), 1-13. {IF=2.648} 

[185] Carbon, C. C., Utz, S., & Hesslinger, V. M. (2022). Less is More: Perception as a fun way to Rich Minimalism. I-Perception, 13(2), 1-5. {IF=1.588} 

[184] Khozaei, F., & Carbon, C. C. (2022). On the parental influence on children’s physical activities and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology—Health Psychology, 13(675529), 1-12. {IF=2.990}

[183] Carbon, C. C., Held, M. J., & Schütz, A. (2022). Reading emotions in faces with and without masks is relatively independent of extended exposure and individual difference variables.Frontiers in Psychology—Perception Science, 13(856971), 1-11. {IF=2.990}

[182] Breitschaft, S., Heijboer, S., Shor, D., Tempelman, E., Vink, P., & Carbon, C. C. (2022). The Haptic Fidelity Framework: A qualitative overview and categorization of cutaneous-based haptic technologies through fidelity.Transactions on Haptics, 15(2), 232-245. {IF=2.487}

[181] Khozaei, F., Carbon, C. C., & Abd Razak, N. (2022). Determinants of mental disorders of Afghan migrants during the COVID‐19 Pandemic. International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, 18(4), 301-314. {IF=0.703} 

[180] Watson, D., Krug, M., & Carbon, C. C. (2022). The relationship between citations and the linguistic traits of specific academic discourse communities identified by using Social Network Analysis.Scientometrics, 127, 1755-1781. {IF=3.238} 

[179] Münder, M., & Carbon, C. C. (2022). Howl, whirr, and whistle: The perception of electric powertrain noise and its importance for perceived quality in electrified vehicles.Applied Acoustics, 185(1), 1-10. {IF=2.639} 




2021 {cIF=29.018}

[178] Breitschaft, S., Pastukhov, & Carbon, C. C. (2021). Where’s My Button? Evaluating the User Experience of Surface Haptics in Featureless Automotive User Interfaces.Transactions on Haptics. {IF=2.487}

[177] Mueller, R., Utz, S. Carbon, C. C., & Strobach, T. (2021).Face adaptation: investigating non-configural saturation alterations. I-Perception, 12(6), 1-24. {IF=1.535}

[176] Schneider, T., & Carbon, C. C. (2021). The Episodic Prototypes Model (EPM): On the nature and genesis of facial representations.I-Perception, 12(5), 1-46. {IF=1.535}

[175] Döbler, N., & Carbon, C. C. (2021). Vaccination Against SARS-CoV-2: A Human Enhancement Story.Translational Medicine Communications, 6(27), 1-10. {IF=n.a.}

[174] Pastukhov, A., Koßmann, L., & Carbon, C. C. (2021). When Perception is stronger than Physics: Perceptual similarities rather than laws of physics govern the perception of interacting objects.Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics. {IF=1.893}

[173] Pastukhov, A., & Carbon, C. C. (2021). Change not State: Perceptual coupling in multistable displays reflects transient bias induced by perceptual change.Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. {IF=5.536}


[172] Goldie, K., Cumming, D., Voropai, D., Mosahebi, A., Fabi, S., &  Carbon, C. C.(in press). Aesthetic delusions: An investigation into the role of rapid visual adaptation in aesthetic practice.Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology. {IF=2.489}

[171] Carbon, C. C. & Serrano, M. (2021). About the acceptance of wearing face masks in times of a pandemic.I-Perception, 12(4), 1-17. {IF=1.535}

[170] Breitschaft, S., & Carbon, C. C. (in press). Function Follows Form: Using the Aesthetic Association Principle to enhance haptic interface design. Frontiers in Psychology—Human Media Interaction. {IF=2.323}

[169] Raab, M. H., Döbler, N. A., & Carbon, C. C. (2021). A Game of Covid. Strategic thoughts about a ludified pandemic. Frontiers in Psychology—Cultural Psychology, 12(2392), 1-9. {IF=2.323}

[168] Carbon, C. C. (2021). About the acceptance of wearing face masks in times of a pandemic.I-Perception, 12(3), 1-14. {IF=1.535}

[167]    Mueller, R., Utz, S. Carbon, C. C., & Strobach, T. (in press).Face adaptation effects on non-configural face information. Advances in Cognitive Psychology. {IF=1.200}

[166]    Carbon, C. C. (in press). Good, bad and ugly genes? Science matters, also in terms of terminology and word usageOpen Psychology. {IF=0.610}

[165] Pastukhov, A., & Carbon, C. C. (2021). Clever cats: Do they utilize change blindness as a covered approaching strategy?I-Perception, 12(1), 1-4. {IF=1.535} [DirectLink to iPerception]

[164] Muth, C., Westphal-Fitch, G. & Carbon, C. C. (in press). Seeking (dis)order. Ordering appeals but slight disorder and complex order trigger interest. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. {IF=2.482}

[163] Heiligensetzer, S., Schmittlutz, T., & Carbon, C. C. (in press). Creativity and complexity: Creative solutions are more complex and time.Art & Perception. {IF=n.a.}


2020 {cIF=14.534}

[162] Carbon, C. C. (2020). The impact of face masks on emotional reading Wearing face masks strongly confuses counterparts in reading emotions.Frontiers in Psychology—Emotion Science, 11(566886), 1-8. {IF=2.129} [DirectLink to Frontiers]

[161] Schmidtmann, G., Logan, A., Carbon, C. C., Loong, J., & Gold, I. (2020). In the blink of an eye: reading mental states from briefly presented eye regions.I-Perception, 11(5), 1-17. {IF=1.535} [DirectLink to iPerception]

[160] Utz, S., & Carbon, C. C. (2020). The more-or-less morphing face illusion revisited: Perceiving natural transient changes in faces despite fast saccades.I-Perception, 11(4), 1-10. {IF=1.535} [DirectLink to iPerception]

[159] Carbon, C. C. (2020). Ecological Art Experience: How we can gain experimental control while preserving ecologically valid settings and context.Frontiers in Psychology—Perception Science, 11(800), 1-14. {IF=2.129} [DirectLink to Frontiers]

[158] Ortlieb, S. A., Kuegel, W., & Carbon, C. C. (2020). Fechner: The Aesthetic Association Principle.I-Perception, 11(3), 1-20. {IF=1.535} [DirectLink to iPerception]

[157] Muth, C., Briesen, J., & Carbon, C. C. (in press). “I like how it looks but it is not beautiful”. Sensory appeal. Poetics. {IF=1.649} [DirectLink to Poetics]

[156] Mueller, R., Utz, S. Carbon, C. C., & Strobach, T. (2020).Face adaptation and face priming as tools for getting insights into the quality of face space. Frontiers in Psychology—Perception Science, 11(168), 1-17. {IF=2.129} [DirectLink to Frontiers]

[155] Pastukhov, A., Burkel, K. & Carbon, C. C. (2020). Shape-specificity of neural persistence for kinetic-depth effect matches perceptual adaptation but not sensory memory. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 82, 1942-1948. {IF=1.893}


2019 {cIF=13.636}

[154] Carbon, C. C. (2019).Psychology of Design. Design Science, 5(e26), 1-18. {IF=n.a.}

[153] Brandenstein, N., Gebauer, F., & Carbon, C. C. (2019). How do we perceive “aliens”? About the implicit processes underlying the perception of people with alien paraphernalia. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(1551). {IF=2.192}.

[152] Muth, C., & Carbon, C. C. (2019). When art is not mastered but creates insights. Shifting in and out of Semantic Instability. Art & Perception, 7(2-3), 123-136. {IF=n.a.}

[151] Breitschaft, S., Clarke, S., & Carbon, C. C. (2019). A theoretical framework of haptic processing in automotive user interfaces and its implications on design and engineering. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(1470), 1-18. {IF=2.192}

[150] Pastukhov, A., Kastrup, B., Abs, I., & Carbon, C. C. (2019). Switch rates for orthogonally-oriented kinetic-depth displays are correlated across observers. Journal of Vision, 19(1), 1-13. {IF=2.266}

[149] Carbon, C. C. (2019). Empirical approaches to capturing Art Experience. Journal of Perceptual Imaging, 2(1(010501)), 1-7.{IF=na}

[148] Ortlieb, S. A., & Carbon, C. C. (2019). A functional model of kitsch and art: Linking aesthetic appreciation to the dynamics of social motivation. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(2437). {IF=2.089}

[147] Muth, C., Ebert, S. A., Marković, S. & Carbon, C. C. (2019). ‘Aha’ptics: Enjoying an Aesthetic Aha during haptic exploration. Perception, 48(1), 3-25. {IF=1.371} [DirectLink to Perception]

[146] Ortlieb, S. A., & Carbon, C. C. (2019). Kitsch and Perception: Towards a New ‘Aesthetic from Below’. Art & Perception, 7(1), 1-26. {IF=n.a.}

[145] Schifferstein, H. N. J., Wehrle, T., & Carbon, C. C. (2019). Consumer expectations for vegetables with typical and atypical colors: The case of carrots. Food Quality and Preference, 72, 98-108. {IF=3.652}


2018 {cIF=13.473}

[144] Carbon, C. C., Faerber, S. J., Augustin, M. D., Mitterer, B., Lutz, M., & Hutzler, F. (2018). First gender, then attractiveness: Indications of gender-specific attractiveness processing via ERP onsets. Neuroscience Letters, 686, 186-192. {IF=2.159}

[143] Carbon, C. C., Mchedlidze, T., Raab, M. H., & Waechter, H. (2018). The power of shape: How shape of node-link diagrams impacts aesthetic appreciation and triggers interest. i-Perception, 9(5), 1-18. {IF=0.942}

[142] Carbon, C. C., & Pastukhov, A. (2018). Reliable top-left light convention starts with Early Renaissance: An extensive approach comprising 10k artworks. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(454), 1-7. {IF=2.321} [DirectLink Frontiers]

[141]    Pastukhov, A., Zaus, C. R., Aleshin, S., Braun, J., & Carbon, C. C. (2018). Perceptual coupling induces co-rotation and speeds up alternations in adjacent bi-stable structure-from-motion objects. Journal of Vision, 18(21), 1-14. {IF=2.671}

[140]    Pastukhov, A., Prasch, J., & Carbon, C. C. (2018). Out of sight, out of mind: Occlusion and eye closure destabilize moving bi-stable structure-from-motion displays. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 80(5), 1193-1204. {IF=1.863}

[139] Güss, C. D., Hauth, D., Wiltsch, F., Carbon, C. C., Schütz, A., & Wanninger, K. (2018). Patience in everyday life: Three field studies in France, Germany, and Romania. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 49(3), 355-380. {IF=1.657}

[138] Muth, C., Hesslinger, V. M., & Carbon, C. C. (2018). Variants of Semantic Instability (SeIns) in the arts. A classification study based on experiential reports. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Artss, 12(1), 11-23. {IF=2.224}



[137] Hesslinger, V. M., Carbon, C. C., & Hecht, H. (2017). The sense of being watched is modulated by arousal and duration of the perceptual episode. i-Perception, 8(6), 1-11. [DirectLink i-Perception]{IF=1.051}

[136] Hesslinger, V. M., Carbon, C. C., & Hecht, H. (2017). Social factors in aesthetics: Social conformity pressure and a sense of being watched affect aesthetic judgments. i-Perception, 8(6), 1-16. [DirectLink i-Perception]{IF=1.051}

[135] Muth, C., Albrecht, S., & Carbon, C. C. (2017). Affect and self-efficacy infuse the experience of ambivalent photographs. Psihologija, 50(3), 307-317. {IF=0.420} [DirectLink Psihologija]

[134] Carbon, C. C., & Gebauer, F. (2017). Data and material of the Safe-Range-Inventory: An assistance tool helping to improve the charging infrastructure for electric vehicles. Data in Brief, 14, 573-578.  {IF=n.a.}

[133] Ortlieb, S. A., Stojilović, I., Rutar, D., Fischer, U. C., & Carbon, C. C. (2017). On kitsch and kič: Comparing kitsch concepts from Bavaria, Serbia and Slovenia. Psihologija. {IF=0.420}

[132] Schneider, T. M., & Carbon, C. C. (2017). Taking the perfect selfie: Investigating the impact of perspective on the perception of higher cognitive variables. Frontiers in Psychology, 8(971). {IF=2.463}

[131] Ayana Abdi, T., Hailu, B. H., Andualem Adal, van Gelder, T. P. H. A. J. M., Hagenzieker, M. P., Carbon, C. C. (2017). Road crashes in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Empirical findings between the years 2010 and 2014. African Research Review: An international multi-disciplinary journal, 11(2), 1-13.

[130] Carbon, C. C., & Gebauer, F. (2017). The Safe-Range-Inventory (SRI): An assistance tool for optimizing the charging infrastructure for electric vehicles. Journal: Transportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behaviour, 47, 101-113. {IF=1.444}

[129] Muth, C., Raab, M., & Carbon, C. C. (2017). Expecting the unexpected: How gallery-visitors experience Semantic Instability in art. Art & Perception, 5(2), 1-22.

[128] Wirth, B. E., & Carbon, C. C. (2017). An easy game for frauds? Effects of professional experience and time pressure on passport-matching performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 23(2), 138-157. {IF=2.355}

[127] Mongoven, C., & Carbon, C. C. (in press). Perceptibility of acoustic reflection symmetry. Musicae Scientiae. {IF=0.809}

[126] Carbon, C. C. (2017). Universal principles of depicting oneself across the centuries: From Renaissance self-portraits to selfie-photographs. Frontiers in Psychology: Human-Media Interaction, 8(245), 1-9. {IF=2.463} [DirectLink Frontiers]

[125] Carbon, C. C. (2017). Art perception in the museum: How we spend time and space in art exhibitions. i-Perception, 8(1), 1.15. {IF=1.813} [DirectLink i-Perception]

[124] Gebauer, F., Raab, M. H., & Carbon, C. C. (2016). Imagine all the forces: The impact of threatening news coverage on the willingness to militarily engage in the resurgence of the East vs. West conflict. Journal of Media Psychology-Theories Methods and Applications, 29(2), 102-108. {IF=0.882}



[124] Utz, S., & Carbon, C. C. (2016). Is the Thatcher Illusion modulated by face familiarity? Evidence from an eye tracking study. PLoS One, 11(10), e0163933. {IF=3.057}

[123] Gebauer, F., Raab, M. H., & Carbon, C. C. (2016). Back to the USSR: How colors might shape the political perception of East vs. West. i-Perception. {IF=1.831}

[122] Gebauer, F., Raab, M. H., & Carbon, C. C. (2016). Conspiracy formation is in the detail: On the interaction of conspiratorial predispositions and semantical cues. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 30(6), 917-924. {IF=1.481}

[121] Carbon, C. C. (2016). The folded paper size illusion: Evidence of inability to perceptually integrate more than one geometrical dimension. i-Perception, 7(4), 1-5. {IF=1.813} 

[120] Röder, S., Carbon, C. C., Shackelford, T. K., Pisanski, K., Weege, B., & Fink, B. (2016). Men’s visual attention to and perceptions of women’s dance movements. Personality and Individual Differences, 101, 1-3. {IF=1.861}

[119] Hesslinger, V.. M. & Carbon, C. C. (2016). #TheDress: The role of illumination information and individual differences in the psychophysics of perceiving white‐blue ambiguities. i-Perception, 7(2), 1-10. {IF=1.813}

[118] Ortlieb, S., Fischer, U. C., & Carbon, C. C. (in press). Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful: Is there a Male Gaze in Empirical Aesthetics? Art & Perception.

[117] Gebauer, F., Vilimek, R., Keinath, A. & Carbon, C. C. (2016). Changing attitudes towards e-mobility by actively elaborating fast-charging technology.Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 106, 31-36. {IF=2.058}

[116] Muth, C., Raab, M. H., & Carbon, C. C. (2016). Semantic stability is more pleasurable in unstable episodic contexts. On the relevance of perceptual challenge in art appreciation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 10(43). {IF=3.626}

[115] Gebauer, F., Raab, M. H., & Carbon, C. C. (2016). Imagine all the forces: The impact of threatening news coverage on the willingness to militarily engage in the resurgence of the East vs. West conflict. Journal of Media Psychology-Theories Methods and Applications. {IF=0.882}

[114] Carbon, C. C. (2016). Creating a framework for holistic assessment of aesthetics. A response to Nilsson and Axelsson (2015) on attributes of aesthetic quality of textile quality. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 122(1), 96-100. {IF=0.546}

[113] Muth, C., & Carbon, C. C. (2016). SeIns: Semantic Instability in Art. Art & Perception, 4, 145-184. {IF=to be calculated}

[112] Carbon, C. C., & Albrecht, S. (2016). The Fluency Amplification Model supports the GANE principle of arousal enhancement. Behavioral and Brain Sciences (BBS), 39, 22-23. {IF=20.771}


2015 {cIF= 21.271}

[111] Carbon, C. C., & Hesslinger, V. M. (2015). Restoring depth to Leonardo’s Mona Lisa. Was La Gioconda the model for one of the world’s earliest attempts at threedimensional imaging? American Scientist, 103(6), 404-409. {IF=0.556}

[110] Weth, K., Raab, M., & Carbon, C. C. (2015). Investigating emotional responses to self-selected sad music via self-report and automated facial analysis. Musicae Scientiae, 19(4), 412-432. {IF=0.809}

[109] Lueschow, A., Weber, J. E., Carbon, C. C., Deffke, I., Sander, T., Grueter, T., Grueter, M., Trahms, L., & Curio, G. (2015). The 170ms response to faces as measured by MEG (M170) is consistently altered in congenital prosopagnosia. PlosOne, 10(9), e0137624. {IF=3.534}

[108] Belke, B., Leder, H., & Carbon, C. C. (2015). When challenging art gets liked: Evidences for a dual preference formation process for fluent and non-fluent portraits. PlosOne, 10(8), e0131796. {IF=3.534}

[107] Utz, S., & Carbon, C. C. (2015). Afterimages are biased by top-down information. Perception, 44(1), 1263-1274. {IF=1.114}

[106] Röder, S., Weege, B., Carbon, C. C., Shackelford, T. K., & Fink, B. (2015). Men's perception of women's dance movements depends on mating context, but not men's sociosexual orientation. Personality and Individual Differences, 86, 172-175. {IF=1.861}

[105] Carbon, C. C. (2015). The moon as a tiny bright disc. Insights from observations in the planetarium. Perception, 44(7), 421-424. {IF=1.114}

[104] Hesslinger, V. M., Goldbach, L. & Carbon, C. C. (2015). Men in red: A reexamination of the red-attractiveness effect. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 22(4),1142-1148.  {IF=2.986}

[103] Muth, C., Raab, M. H., & Carbon, C. C. (2015). The stream of experience when watching artistic movies. Dynamic aesthetic effects revealed by the Continuous Evaluation Procedure (CEP). Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 365. {IF=2.843}

[102] Muth, C., Hesslinger, V. M., & Carbon, C. C. (2015). The Appeal of Challenge in the Perception of Art: How Ambiguity, Solvability of Ambiguity and the Opportunity for Insight Affect Appreciation. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 9(3), 206-216. {IF= 1.787}

[101] Carbon, C. C. & Hesslinger, V. M. (2015). On the nature of the background behind Mona Lisa. Leonardo, 48(2), 182-184. {IF=n.a.} {IF=n.a.}

[100] Harsányi, G., & Carbon, C. C. (2015). How perception affects racial categorization: On the influence of initial visual exposure on labelling people as diverse individuals or racial subjects. Perception, 44(1), 100-102. {IF=1.114}


2014 {cIF= 17.093}

[099] Carbon, C. C. (2014). Understanding human perception by human-made illusions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8(566), 1-6. {IF=2.906}

[098] Cattaneo, Z., Schiavi, S., Lega, C., Renzi, C., Tagliaferri, M., Boehringer, J., Carbon, C. C., & Vecchi, T. (2014). Biases in spatial bisection induced by viewing male and female faces. Experimental Psychology, 61(5), 368-377. {IF=1.921}

[097] Guevara-Rojas, G., Figl, M., Schicho, K., Seemann, R., Traxler, H., Vacariu, A., Carbon, C. C., Ewers, R., & Watzinger, F. (2014). Patient-specific polyetheretherketone facial implants in a computer-aided planning workflow. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 72(9), 1801-1812. {IF=1.333}

[096] Haertel, M., & Carbon, C. C. (2014). Is this a “Fettecke” or just a “greasy corner”? About the capability of laypersons to differentiate between art and non-art via object’s originality. i-Perception, 5(7), 602-610. {IF=forthcoming}

[095] Wolz, S., & Carbon, C. C. (2014). What’s wrong with an art fake? Cognitive and emotional variables influenced by authenticity status of artworks. Leonardo, 47(5), 467-473. {IF=n.a.}

[094] Leidenfrost, B., Strassnig, B., Schütz, M., Carbon, C. C., & Schabmann, A. (2014). The impact of peer mentoring on mentee academic performance: Is any mentoring style better than no mentoring at all? International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 26(1), 102-111. {IF=n.a.}

[093] Carbon, C. C. & Hesslinger, V. M. (2014). Stable aesthetic standards delusion: Changing “artistic quality” by elaboration. Perception, 43, 1006-1013. {IF=1.311}

[092] Cattaneo, Z., Renzi, C., Bona, S., Merabet, L. B., Carbon, C. C., & Vecchi, T. (2014). Hemispheric asymmetry in discriminating faces differing for featural or configural (second-order relations) aspects. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 21(2), 363-369. {IF=2.248}

[091] Carbon, C. C. & Schwarz, M. E. (2014). The share price neglect: Inverse exponential relation between stock share price and risk tolerance. International Journal of School Psychology and Cognitive Psychology, 1(102), 1-7. {IF=n.a.}

[090] Albrecht, S. & Carbon, C. C. (2014). The Fluency Amplification Model: Fluent stimuli show more intense but not evidently more positive evaluations. Acta Psychologica, 148, 195-203. {IF=2.206}

[089] Carbon, C. C., & Wirth, B. E. (2014). Neanderthal paintings? Production of prototypical human (homo sapiens) faces shows systematic distortions. Perception, 43, 99-102. {IF=1.311}

[088] Cattaneo, Z., Lega, C., Boehringer, J., Girelli, L. & Carbon, C. C. (2014). Happiness takes you right: The effect of emotional stimuli on line bisection. Cognition and Emotion, 28(2), 325-344. {IF=2.377}

2013 {cIF= 73.286}

[087] Carbon, C. C., Grüter, M. & Grüter, T. (2013). Age-dependent face detection and face categorization performance. PlosOne, 8(10), e79164. {IF=3.730}

[086] Planinc, R., Kampel, M., Ortlieb, S., & Carbon, C. C. (2013). User-centered design and evaluation of an ambient event detector based on a balanced scorecard approach. Journal on Advances in Life Sciences, 5(3&4), 237-249. {IF=to be calculated}

[085] Carbon, C. C., & Deininger, P. (2013). Golden perception: Simulating perceptual habits of the past. i-Perception, 4(6), 468-476. {IF=forthcoming}

[084] Carbon, C. C. & Hesslinger, V. M. (2013). Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa entering the next dimension. Perception, 42(8), 887-893. {IF=1.311}

[083] Renzi, C., Schiavi, S., Carbon, C. C., Vecchi, T., Silvanto, J., & Cattaneo, Z. (2013). Processing of featural and configural aspects of faces is lateralized in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex: A TMS study. Neuroimage, 74, 45-51. {IF=6.252}

[082] Ditye, T., Javadi, A. H., Carbon, C. C., & Walsh, V. (2013). Sleep links sensory adaptation to memory. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological Sciences, 280(1769), 1-8. {IF=5.863}

[081] Carbon, C. C. (2013). Creating a framework for experimentally testing early visual processing. A response to Nurmoja et al.’s article on trait perception from pixelized faces. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 117(1), 1-4. {IF=0.655}

[080] Raab, M., Auer, N., Ortlieb, S. & Carbon, C. C. (2013). The Sarrazin effect: the presence of absurd statements in conspiracy theories makes canonical information less plausible. Frontiers in Personality Science and Individual Differences, 4(453), 1-8. {IF=forthcoming}

[079] Raab, M., Ortlieb, S., Guthmann, K., Auer, N., & Carbon, C. C. (2013). Thirty shades of truth: Conspiracy theories as stories of individuation, not of pathological delusion. Frontiers in Personality Science and Individual Differences, 4(406), 1-9. {IF=forthcoming}

[078] Carbon, C. C., & Hesslinger, V. M. (2013). Attitudes and cognitive distances: On the non-unitary and flexible nature of cognitive maps. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 9(3), 121-129. {IF=n.a.}

[077] Strobach, T., & Carbon, C. C. (2013). Face adaptation effects: Reviewing the impact of adapting information, time, and transfer. Frontiers in Perception Science, 4(318), 1-12. {IF=n.a.}

[076] Muth, C., & Carbon, C. C. (2013). The Aesthetic Aha: On the pleasure of having insights into Gestalt. Acta Psychologica, 144(1), 25-30. {IF=2.255}

[075] Carbon, C.C., Faerber, S. J., Gerger, G., Forster, M., & Leder, H. (2013). Innovation is appreciated when we feel safe: On the situational dependence of the appreciation of innovation. International Journal of Design, 7(2), 43-51. {IF=0.632}

[074] Schneider, T. M., Hecht, H., Stevanov, J. & Carbon, C. C. (2013). Cross-ethnic assessment of body weight and height on the basis of faces. Personality and Individual Differences, 55, 356-360. {IF=1.877}

[073] Cattaneo, Z., Vecchi, T., Monegato, M., Pece, A., Merabet, L. & Carbon, C. C. (2013). Strabismic amblyopia affects relational but not featural and holistic processing of faces. Vision Research, 80, 19-30. {IF=2.414}

[072] Carbon, C. C., & Hesslinger, V. M. (2013). Navigating through a volumetric world does not imply needing a full 3D-representation. Behavioral Brain Sciences, 36, 547-548. {IF=25.056}

[071] Muth, C., Pepperell, R. & Carbon, C. C. (2013). Give me Gestalt! Preference for Cubist artworks depicting highly detectable objects. Leonardo, 46(5), 488-489. {IF=forthcoming}

[070] Carbon, C. C. (2013). German Bundesrat proposes 2nd usage of publicly funded research. Current Science, 104(3), 283-283. {IF=0.935}

[069] Faerber, S. J., & Carbon, C. C. (2013). Jump on the innovator's train: Cognitive principles for creating appreciation in innovative product design. Research in Engineering Design, 24(3), 313-319. {IF=1.243}

[068] Schmid, U., Siebers, M., Folger, J., Schineller, S., Seuss, D., Raab, M., Carbon, C. C., & Faerber, S.J. (2013). A cognitive model for predicting esthetical judgements as similarity to dynamic prototypes. Cognitive Systems Research, 24, 72-79. {IF=1.173}

[067] Carbon, C. C., & Jakesch, M. (2013). A model for haptic aesthetic processing and its implications for design. Proceedings of the IEEE, 101(9), 1-11. {IF=6.810}

[066] Carbon, C. C. (2013). BiDimRegression: Bidimensional regression modeling using R. Journal of Statistical Software, Code Snippets, 52(1), 1-11. {IF=4.091}

2012 {cIF= 16.264}

[65]    Carbon, C. C., & Albrecht, S. (2012). Bartlett’s schema theory: The unreplicated “portrait dhomme” series from 1932. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65(11), 2258–2270. {IF=2.212}

[64]    Faerber, S. J., & Carbon, C. C. (2012). The power of liking: Highly sensitive aesthetic processing for guiding us through the world. i-Perception, 3, 553-561. {IF=forthcoming}

[63]    Carbon, C. C. (2012). Dynamics of aesthetic appreciation. Human Vision and Electronic Imaging, 8291(1A), 1-6. {IF=n.a.}

[62]    Augustin, M. D., Carbon, C. C., & Wagemans, J. (2012). Artful terms: A study on aesthetic word usage for visual art versus film and music. i-Perception, 3, 319-337. {IF=forthcoming}

[61]    Schneider, T. M., Hecht, H., & Carbon, C. C. (2012). Judging body-weight from faces: The height-weight illusion. Perception, 41, 121-124. {IF=1.293}

[60]    Jakesch, M., & Carbon, C. C. (2012). The Mere Exposure effect in the domain of haptics. PlosONE, 7(2), e31215. {IF=4.411}

[59]    Carbon, C. C., & Ditye, T. (2012). Face adaptation effects show strong and long-lasting transfer from lab to more ecological contexts. Frontiers in Perception Science, 3(3), 1-6 {IF=forthcoming}

[58]    Carbon, C. C., & Schoormans, J. P. L. (2012). Rigidity rather than age as a limiting factor to appreciate innovative design. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 71(2), 51-58. {IF=1.024}

[57]    Blijlevens, J., Mugge, R., Carbon, C. C., & Schoormans, J. P. L. (2012). Aesthetic appraisal of product designs: Independent effects of typicality and arousal. British Journal of Psychology, 103, 44-57. {IF=2.114}

[56]    Augustin, M. D., Wagemans, J., & Carbon, C. C. (2012). All is beautiful? Generality vs. specificity of word usage in visual aesthetics. Acta Psychologica, 139(1), 187-201. {IF=2.246}

2011 {cIF= 29.550}

[55]    Carbon, C. C. (2011). Cognitive mechanisms for explaining dynamics of aesthetic appreciation. i-Perception, 2(7), 708-719. {IF=forthcoming}

[54]    Carbon, C. C. (2011). The first 100 milliseconds of a face: On the microgenesis of early face processing. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 113(3), 859-874. {IF=0.550}

[53]    Carbon, C. C. (2011). The Carbon_h-Factor: Predicting individuals’ research impact at early stages of their career. PlosONE, 6(2), e28770. {IF=4.411}

[52]    Strobach, T., Ditye, T., & Carbon, C. C. (2011). Long-term adaptation effects of highly familiar faces: The influence of inspection length during prior testing. Perception, 40, 1000-1004. {IF=1.462}

[51]    Carbon, C. C., & Hesslinger, V. M. (2011). Bateson et al.’s (2006) Cues-of-being-watched paradigm revisited. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 70(4), 203-210. {IF=1.024}

[50]    Augustin, M. D., Defranceschi, B., Fuchs, H. K., Carbon, C. C. & Hutzler, F. (2011). The neural time course of art perception: An ERP study on the processing of style versus content in art. Neuropsychologia, 49, 2071-2081. {IF=4.345}

[49]    Leidenfrost, B., Strassnig, B., Schabmann, A., Spiel, C., & Carbon, C. C. (2011). Peer mentoring styles and their contribution to academic success among mentees: A person-oriented study in higher education. Mentoring &Tutoring: Partnership in Learning, 19(3), 347-364. {n.a.}

[48]    Jakesch, M., Zachhuber, M., Leder, H., Spingler, M. & Carbon, C. C. (2011). Scenario-based touching. On the influence of top-down processes on tactile and visual appreciation. Research in Engineering Design, 22(3), 143-152. {IF=1.038}

[47]    Gerger, G., Leder, H., Faerber, S. J., & Carbon, C. C. (2011). When the others matter: Context-dependent effects on changes in appreciation of innovativeness. SwissJournal of Psychology, 70(2), 75-83. {IF=1.024}

[46]    Carbon, C. C., & Ditye, T. (2011). Sustained effects of adaptation on the perception of familiar faces. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Performance and Perception, 37(3), 615-625. {IF=2.947}

[45]    Schoormans, J., Carbon, C. C., & Gattol, V. (2011). “It’s time to take a stand”: Depicting crosshairs can indeed promote violence. Perception, 40(3), 371-372. {IF=1.462}

[44]    Hergovich, A., Gröbl, K., & Carbon, C. C. (2011). The magic knife trick as an outlet for analyzing the perceptual limits of combined motion trajectories. Perception, 40(3), 358-366. {IF=1.462}

[43]    Grüter, T., Grüter, M., & Carbon, C. C. (2011). Congenital prosopagnosia. Diagnosis and mental imagery: Commentary on: Tree JJ, and Wilkie J. Face and object imagery in congenital prosopagnosia: A case series. Cortex, 47(4), 511-513. {IF=4.050}

[42]    Gattol, V., Sääksjärvi, M. C., & Carbon, C. C. (2011). Extending the Implicit Association Test (IAT): Assessing consumer attitudes based on multi-dimensional implicit associations. Plos ONE, 6(1), 1-11. {IF=4.351}


2010 {cIF= 77.542}

[41]     Grüter, T., & Carbon, C. C. (2010). Escaping attention: Why cognitive dysfunctions are overlooked. Science, 328(5977), 435-436. {IF=28.103}

[40]    Belke, B., Leder, H., Strobach, T., & Carbon, C. C. (2010). Cognitive fluency: High-level processing dynamics in art appreciation. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 4(4), 214-222. {IF=1.230}

[39]    Carbon, C. C., & Schoormans, J. P. L. (2010). And the winner is: Globalization. Olympic gold medals as indicator for a global world. Current Science, 99(1), 20-20. {IF=0.782}

[38]    Faerber, S. J., Leder, H., Gerger, G., & Carbon, C. C. (2010). Priming semantic concepts affects the dynamics of aesthetic appreciation. Acta Psychologica, 135(2), 191-200. {IF=2.155}

[37]     Carbon, C. C. (2010). Fundamental Change in German Research Policy. Science, 328(5978), 569-569. {IF=28.103}

[36]    Carbon, C. C. (2010). The Earth is flat when personally significant experiences with the sphericity of the Earth are absent. Cognition, 116(1), 130-135. {IF=3.481}

[35]    Carbon, C. C. (2010). The cycle of preference: Long-term dynamics of design properties. Acta Psychologica, 134(2), 233-244. {IF=2.155}

[34]    Windhager, S., Hutzler, F., Carbon, C. C., Oberzaucher, E., Schaefer, K., Thorstensen, T., Leder, H., & Grammer, K. (2010). Laying eyes on headlights: Eye movements reveal facial features in cars. Collegium Antropologicum, 34(3), 1075-1080. {IF=0.631}

[33]    Carbon, C. C., Grüter, T., Grüter, M., Weber, J. E., & Lueschow, A. (2010). Dissociation of facial attractiveness and distinctiveness processing in congenital prosopagnosia. Visual Cognition, 18(5), 641-654. {IF=2.095}

[32]    Belke, B., Leder, H., Harsanyi, G., & Carbon, C. C. (2010). When a Picasso is a “Picasso”: The entry point in the identification of visual art. Acta Psychologica, 133(2), 191-202. {IF=2.155}

[31]    Bohrn, I., Carbon, C. C., & Hutzler, F. (2010). Mona Lisa’s smile: Perception or deception? Psychological Science, 21(3), 378-380. {IF=4.812}

[30]    Carbon, C. C. (2010). Cognitive continental drift: How attitudes can change the overall pattern of cognitive distances. Environment and Planning A, 42(3), 715-728. {IF=1.726}


2009 {cIF= 6.038}

[29]    Derntl, B., Seidel, E-M., Kainz, E., & Carbon, C. C. (2009). Recognition of emotional expressions is affected by inversion and presentation time. Perception, 38, 1849-1862. {IF=1.360}

[28]    Carbon, C. C. (2009). Science means jobs. On the necessity of planning reliability in science. Current Science, 95(7), 875. {IF=0.774}

[27]    Leidenfrost, B., Strassnig, B., Schabmann, A., & Carbon, C. C. (2009). Improvement of the study situation for beginners through cascaded blended mentoring. Psychologische Rundschau, 60(2), 99-109. {IF=1.704}

[26]    Grüter, T., Grüter, M., Bell, V., & Carbon, C. C. (2009). Visual mental imagery in congenital prosopagnosia. Neuroscience Letters, 453(3), 135-140. {IF=2.200}

[25]    Carbon, C. C. (2009). European publication issues from an Austrian perspective. Psychology Science Quarterly, 51, 69-87. {IF=n.a.}


2008 {cIF= 34.852}

[24]    Carbon, C. C. (2008). Web of Science: Science trapped in a spider’s web. Current Science, 94(10), 1234-1234. {IF=0.737}

[23]    Carbon, C. C. (2008). Second basket's negative impact. Science, 319(5869), 1483-1483. {IF=30.028}

[22]    Carbon, C. C., Michael, L., & Leder, H. (2008). Innovative concepts of car interiors measured by electro-dermal activity (EDA). Research in Engineering Design, 19(2-3), 143-149. {IF=0.667}

[21]    Augustin, M. D., Leder, H., Hutzler, F., & Carbon, C. C. (2008). Style follows content. On the microgenesis of art perception. Acta Psychologica, 128(1), 127-138. {IF=2.094}

[20]    Carbon, C. C. (2008). Famous faces as icons. About the illusion of being an expert in the recognition of famous faces. Perception, 37(5), 801-806. {IF=1.585}

[19]    Grueter, T., Grueter, M., & Carbon, C. C. (2008). Neural and genetic foundations of face recognition and prosopagnosia. Journal of Neuropsychology, 2(1), 79-97. {IF=1.140}


2007 {cIF=3.221}

[18]    Carbon, C. C. (2007). Autobahn People: Distance estimations between German cities biased by social factors and the Autobahn. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, 4387, 489-500. {IF=n.a.}

[17]    Carbon, C. C., Grueter, T., Weber, J. E., & Lueschow, A. (2007). Faces as objects of non-expertise: Processing of Thatcherised faces in congenital prosopagnosia. Perception, 36(11), 1635-1645. {IF=1.585}

[16]    Carbon, C. C., Strobach, T. Langton, S., Harsányi, G., Leder, H., & Kovács, G. (2007). Adaptation effects of highly familiar faces: immediate and long lasting. Memory & Cognition, 35(8), 1966-1976. {IF=1.512}

[15]    Carbon, C. C., & Leder, H. (2007). Design Evaluation: From typical problems to state-of-the-art solutions. Marketing Review St. Gallen (Thexis), 2007(2), 33-37. {IF=n.a.}

[14]    Leder, H., Carbon, C. C., & Kreuzbauer, R. (2007). Product-design perception and brand strength. Marketing Review St. Gallen (Thexis), 2007(2), 4-7. {IF=n.a.}


2006 {cIF=5.559}

[13]    Carbon, C. C., & Leder, H. (2006). The Mona Lisa effect: is 'our' Lisa fame or fake? Perception, 35(3), 411-414. {IF=1.585}

[12]    Leder, H., & Carbon, C. C. (2006). Face-specific configural processing of relational information. British Journal of Psychology, 97(1), 19-29. {IF=1.641}

[11]    Leder, H., Carbon, C. C., & Ripsas, A. (2006). Entitling art: Influence of title information on understanding and appreciation of paintings. Acta Psychologica, 121(2), 176-198. {IF=2.094}

[10]    Carbon, C. C., Hutzler, F., & Minge, M. (2006). Innovation in design investigated by eye movements and pupillometry. Psychology Science, 48(2), 173-186. {IF=n.a.}

[09]    Carbon, C. C., & Leder, H. (2006). When faces are heads! View-dependent effects of relationally and componentially altered faces. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 65(4), 245-252. {IF=0.239}


2005 {cIF=9.495}

[08]    Carbon, C. C., & Leder, H. (2005). The Repeated Evaluation Technique (RET). A method to measure dynamic effects of innovativeness and attractiveness. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19(5), 587-601. {IF=1.028}

[07]    Carbon, C. C., & Leder, H. (2005). Face adaptation: Changing stable representations of familiar faces within minutes? Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 1(1), 1-7. {IF=n.a.}

[06]    Leder, H., & Carbon, C. C. (2005). Dimensions in appreciation of car interior design. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19(5), 603-618. {IF=1.028}

[05]    Leder, H., & Carbon, C. C. (2005). When context hinders. Learn-test-compatibility in face recognition. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 58A(2), 235-250. {IF=2.154}

[04]    Carbon, C. C., Schweinberger, S. R., Kaufmann, J. M., & Leder, H. (2005). The Thatcher illusion seen by the brain: An event-related brain potentials study. Cognitive Brain Research, 24(3), 544-555. {IF=2.568}

[03]    Carbon, C. C., & Leder, H. (2005). When feature information comes first! Early processing of inverted faces. Perception, 34(9), 1117-1134. {IF=1.585}

[02]    Carbon, C. C., & Leder, H. (2005). The Wall inside the Brain. Overestimation of distances crossing the former iron curtain. Psychonomic Bulletin &Review, 12(4), 746-750. {IF=2.229}

2004 {cIF=n.a.}

[01]    Leder, H., & Carbon, C. C. (2004). Part to whole effects and configural processing in faces. Psychology Science, 46(4), 531-543. {IF=n.a.}

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