Research highlights at the WIAI faculty

In addition to numerous research projects at the individual chairs and professorships, there are multitude collaborative research projects both within the faculty and in interdisciplinary cooperation with other subjects.

Pioneers in the field of digital and computational humanities

The chair for applied computer science in the cultural, historical and geosciences was filled in 2002. Since then, the field of digital humanities has been growing continuously in teaching and research. The focus is on projects for the material and non-material security of cultural assets in interdisciplinary cooperation with monument preservation and other areas of cultural studies.

Current projects:

DARIAH

DARIAH is a research initiative under the umbrella of the European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) and is funded in Germany as a national sub-project "DARIAH-DE" by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). For the national joint project, essential objectives were defined in line with the mission of DARIAH-EU: In addition to the expanded application of digital methods in the cultural and human sciences, the focus of the initiative is in particular on building a sustainable federation infrastructure for interdisciplinary access to research data.

 

Scientific institution:

Center for Innovative Applications in Computer Science (ZIAI)

The Center promotes interdisciplinary research in the field of applied computer science and its transfer in cooperation with subjects from the university's main research areas. It deals with the research, development and testing of innovative information technologies for humanities, cultural, social, and human sciences disciplines.

Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence - AI in partnership for digital humanities, education and health

University of Bamberg as a new AI Center in Bavaria"

Artificial intelligence and machine learning have been a central aspect of teaching and research at the faculty since 2004. The focus is on the development of comprehensible and transparent intelligent technologies that aim to support people with AI and not replace people with AI: interactive companions instead of autonomous systems.

With method-oriented basic research in the central AI areas "Inductive Logic Programming" for explainable machine learning (white box learning) and knowledge representation as the basis for the machine implementation of cognitive processes, research at the WIAI enjoys a great international reputation.

As areas of application for AI and ML systems, the focus in Bamberg is on socially relevant areas such as education and health as well as applications in the humanities and cultural sciences.

 

Thematically, Bamberg cooperates closely with the Center for Artificial Intelligence in Data Science WürzburgCAIDAS.

Living Lab Bamberg: data management for future IOT applications

As part of the “Living Lab Bamberg”, various activities and installations are to be coordinated that research and test mobile and sensor-based applications, particularly in the context of “Smart City / City of the Future”. Various chairs and professorships from the University of Bamberg, Bamberg IT companies, the Fraunhofer Application Center for Wireless Sensor Technology and the Coburg University of Applied Sciences are already cooperating in various research and teaching projects, such as in the project “Bamberg zaubert”, in the exhibit and field test on the MS Wissenschaft or in the joint project “FutureIOT - Intelligently networked solutions for city and agriculture”, which is funded by the Bavarian Research Foundation.

 

Innovation laboratory “Living Lab Bamberg

This infrastructure is also made available to student projects via the "Living Lab Bamberg Innovation Laboratory", which is carried out jointly by the University of Bamberg and the University of Coburg.

Here, computer science students from the two universities work on innovative research projects on smart cities, the digital cities of the future. Your partners are companies, non-profit organizations, and authorities from the region.

 

Contact Person

Privacy and security of software systems are the top priority

The focus of the research is on securing information systems and protecting privacy with technical mechanisms. Existing systems are analysed and evaluated, and protective mechanisms are developed. There are collaborations with working groups from the field of machine learning (inference attacks, online tracking), legal scholars (data protection, law enforcement) and ethicists (value-oriented system design).

 

Current projects:

Privacy Score:

One of the ongoing projects is PrivacyScore.org (in public beta since June 2017). Users can submit URLs of individual websites or have a list of related websites scanned to see how they compare. On the one hand, public benchmarks improve traceability for citizens; on the other hand, services such as PrivacyScore support data protection authorities in their work. A public "pillory" like PrivacyScore creates transparency and comparability. The long-term aim of PrivacyScore is to check whether this form of publicity is an incentive for website operators to advocate better protection of privacy and higher security on their websites.

Duration: since 2017

 

EU networking project CANVAS

The EU project CANVAS (Constructing an Alliance for Value-Driven Cybersecurity - funded by the “Horizon 2020” program of the European Union) connects computer scientists with lawyers, philosophers and ethicists to address security and data protection issues in the three domains of health, business and law enforcement to work up holistically. A particular focus of CANVAS is raising awareness of the ethics of cybersecurity through education in science and industry (workshops, MOOC, briefing packages for politics and business, reference curriculum).

Duration: 2016–2019

Modern software techniques for the development of embedded software systems

The modern model-driven development of embedded software requires a holistic approach from specification and modelling, through programming, timing analysis and verification, to software integration on real-time operating systems and multi-core processors. The Bamberg working groups Basics of Computer Science and Software Technology and Programming Languages ​​cover this subject breadth to a large extent.

A special feature here is the mathematically sound approach based on current research in the areas of logic and semantics, synchronous languages, ​​and concurrency theory as well as program analysis and verification. This formal approach enables the development of reliable software for the control of complex technical systems, which also meets the high functional and non-functional quality requirements that are placed on critical applications today, for example in the automotive and production industries as well as in the health sector.

Selected third-party funded projects:

HetSpec - Basics of heterogeneous specifications using state machines and temporal logic (https://www.swt-bamberg.de/research/interface-theories.html)

This joint DFG project with the University of Augsburg extends the theoretical basis and the applicability of specification languages ​​for concurrent systems. The focus here is on interface theories and languages ​​that combine state machines with logical operators.

PRETSY - Synchronous programming of embedded reactive real-time systems with validated cycle times (https://rtsys.informatik.uni-kiel.de/confluence/display/PRETSY/Home/)

This DFG project, carried out together with the University of Kiel, explores a holistic approach for the development of time-predictable and efficient reactive systems. The novel approach considers the modelling and programming of such systems as well as suitable execution platforms.

OBZAS - Optimized buffering for time-controlled automotive software (https://www.swt-bamberg.de/obzas/)

Time-controlled real-time systems offer a predictable behaviour for embedded multicore systems in the automotive sector, but at the expense of an efficient use of resources. This project, funded by the Bavarian Research Foundation, develops novel algorithms and heuristics that minimize communication between processor cores using optimized buffering mechanisms.

 

Digitization meets behavioural economics

Digitization makes comprehensive behaviour and consumption data available: modern vehicles, fitness wristbands, mobile phones, digital assistants, electricity meters and intelligent everyday objects are collecting more and more user data - in real time and at ever lower costs. The Chair of Information Systems, in particular Energy-Efficient Systems, researches how this data can be used in everyday life to support decisions and promote desired behaviours - and thereby links the scalability of digitization with the methods of behavioural economics. An example of our work: field studies on the effect of real-time feedback on water and energy consumption in private households.

In cooperation with leading universities (ETH Zurich, National University of Singapore, University of Bonn) and international organizations (Public Utility Board Singapore, Schweizer Mobiliar Versicherung, Amphiro, PWN, Hansa) we examine the effect of feedback interventions in combination with goals, social Norms, monetary incentives and depending on time delays (live vs. outcome feedback).

The results: Randomized controlled field studies with over 3,000 installations show energy savings of an average of 450 kWh per year and household and thus around five times as large effects as conventional feedback applications based on smart meter data. Our work on digital behavioural interventions has received numerous awards (e.g. as a research highlight by Nature http://www.natureasia.com/en/research/highlight/12778) and serves as a central decision-making basis for politics (e.g. the impact assessment for the introduction of smart metering in Switzerland) and led to the founding of successful spin-off companies (Amphiro AG, https://www.amphiro.com/, BEN Energy AG, https://www.ben-energy.com/).

Publications

The research results have appeared in the leading specialist journals in the field of information systems (e.g. Management Science and MIS Quarterly) and energy (e.g. Nature Energy rdcu.be/bbKNx and Energy Policy) and have already been cited several thousand times https://www.uni-bamberg.de/en/eesys/research/publications/

Applications in practice

We look forward to the transfer into practice: Over 50,000 of our intelligent consumption displays are already in use, and Singapore is carrying out a pilot project in 10,000 households with the aim of a complete rollout. The CO2 savings already amount to over 25,000 tons.

Media (selection)

Deutschlandfunk: Real-time information has an energy-saving effect https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/energieverbrauch-beim-duschen-echtzeitinformationen-haben.676.de.html?dram:article_id=433717

Scientific American: Smart Meters Speed ​​Showers https://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode/smart-meters-speed-showers/

Spiegel Online: How we could save more energy when showering http://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/technik/energie-sparen-wie-wir-alle-beim-duschen-sparen-koennen-a-1239593.html