Methods & Techniques

  • Geophysical Prospection: Ground penetratring radar (GPR) is one of the most versatile instruments in archaeological prospection. Together with the Archaeology research group, we have acquired a GSSI SIR-4000 instrument, with 400 MHz antenna to complement the non-destructive techniques existing at the institute. Regularly we offer hands-on exercises on regional archaeological and heritage sites to introduce students to the technique and data analysis.
  • Remote Sensing: Through a multitude of different platforms, it is possible to acquire remote sensing data sets, often freely available, which provide first ideas on the archaeological potential of a region. Applying simple and advanced algorithms, we can extract previously undetected information from the data, which is one focus in the IVGA teaching.
  • Photogrammetry: As a tool to record, map and measure archaeological excavations and heritage sites, photogrammetry in combination with drones, has itself established as a fast and detailed surveying tool.
  • Geographic Information Systems (GIS): As a standard tool in archaeology, our team applies GIS to a variety of archaeological research problems. As part of regular classes, our goal is to introduce students to professional and open source products to open up opportunities in the labor market.
  • Sondage drilling and excavation: In numerous field practical trainings, where the terrain is prospected using hand drills and soil profiles are dug, we provide the students with knowledge of the processes that lead to the formation of natural and anthropogenically imprinted soils.
  • Georeferencing: Precise mapping of survey results using a differential global positioning system (DGPS) by Leica.