Focus areas of the Chair of Psychology I – Developmental Psychology lay in the field of the principles/foundations as well as on the applied research of conditions and mechanisms of developmental changes, particularly in the scope of cognition and language.
Our research findings are relevant for instance for educators, childcare assistants, peditricians, teachers, speech therapists, pedagogical-psychological institutions (e.g. advice centres, early intervention institutions) and for responsible persons in frame of the educational system.
Applied Relevant Research Focus of our Department
Infant Science / Education in Early Childhood
BamBI: Bamberger Baby Institute
The Bamberger Baby Institute is a research unit at the chair of developmental psychology. A special focus is on early child development, specifically the development of language and cognition, their mutual interrelations as well as their relation to socio-emotional development, on influencing variables and how early child development impacts later development. Thereby we study mother-child interaction as well as early child characteristics and the emergence of early competencies in various developmental domains. Longitudinal methods and experimental studies (habituation paradigm, eye-tracking methods, video-taped interactions situations, data from questionnaires and tests etc.) are used to learn more about the mechanisms and impact of early child development.
Further information: BamBI-homepage (in german language)
ViVAplus: Impact of early childcare arrangements and the home-learning environment on child development
(funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG))
The ViVAplus project aims conducting the developmental impacts of the quality of the home-learning environment (HLE) and the quantity and quality of early institutional and family childcare (ECEC), thereby considering various domain-general and domain-specific cognitive as well as socioemotional outcomes in later kindergarten age. It will draw on data from the NEPS infant cohort study and the ViVA-project with a focus on longitudinal analyses across early childhood up to Wave 6. The main aims of the ViVAplus project are: (1) to describe the actual care arrangements of the representative sample of children growing up under the changing conditions of early childhood and care in Germany (2) to generate various comprehensive indicators that set the stage for the analyses to be conducted in ViVAplus (3) to investigate the impact of HLE and ECEC on child development; and (4) to study the interactions between HLE, ECEC, and child characteristics.
Further information: www.uni-bamberg.de/entwicklungspsychologie/forschung/viva/
Development in Preschool- and School Age
BiSpra: Academic Language Competencies - Affordances, Language Processing, and Diagnostics
(funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF))
The scope of this project is to determine educationally relevant linguistic competencies (academic language competencies) in detail, which students need to master in order to be successful in class. Furthermore, a linguistically and psychologically sound test instrument is developed on this basis, which can be used for evaluation and support of school-relevant academic language competencies of students in primary-school. Since 2017 the project “BiSpra-Transfer: Development and validation of a standardized test instrument” is conducted in close cooperation with partners.
Further information: BiSpra Transfer
BiKSplus_3-18: Long-term meaning of early developments and educational experiences in kindergarten and family for educational and life success of young adults aged 18 years
(funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research)
Since 2005 (funded by the Geman Research Foundation) the research group BiKS accompanied almost 4.000 children on their educational process in two longitudinal studies, BiKS-3-10 and BiKS-8-14. Eight projects and an interdisciplinary team worked on exiting topics of competence development, educational choices, and the impact of different learning environments.
Between 2014 and 2018 both longitudinal studies were continuing as several DFG-projects under the name of BiKSplus [3-13] and BiKSplus [8-18]. Further information: https://www.uni-bamberg.de/biks/biksplus-3-13/ (in german language)
Since 2019 the project is continuing (funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research). The aim of the new study BiKSplus_3-18 is to highlight the long-term importance of the quality of early childhood education in preschool and family and of early childhood competence development for educational and life success in early adulthood and to gain more insights into possible explanatory mechanisms (e.g., accumulation of learning experiences over the lifespan) in this context. In order to investigate this question, those parents and their children, who have so far taken part in previous data collection points, are again asked to participate in this study.
Further information you can find here.
BEaST: Bilingualism, Executive Function, Working Memory, Language and Theory of Mind
The BEaST study focuses on the development of children growing up with more than one language. On the one hand those children have the advantage of possibly learning two languages in everyday life. In addition, research shows that they seem to have better executive functions (i.e. regulation and control processes) and some report better knowledge of mental states (theory of mind) in these children. On the other hand, sometimes especially children growing up with more than one language seem to lag behind in their language competencies when compared to monolingual children. This also may have negative implications for the children’s educational career.
Against this background, the BEaST study takes a closer look on language and cognitive requirements bilingual children are confronted with. In specific, we investigate how language input on the one hand, and language and cognitive competencies on the other hand contribute to bilingual children’s cognitive and language development.
Further information you will get from Dr. Susanne Ebert and/or Dipl.-Psych. Katharina Mursin.
NEPS: National Educational Panel Study
(2008 - 2013 funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF); since 2014 the NEPS is carried out by the Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories (LIfBi) at the University of Bamberg)
The NEPS is run by an interdisciplinary network led by Prof. Dr. Hans-Günther Roßbach. The target activity of the NEPS is to collect longitudinal data on the development of competencies, educational processes, educational decisions, and returns to education in formal, nonformal, and informal contexts throughout the life span. As soon as possible, all NEPS data will be made available to the national and international scientific community in the form of a so-called anonymous Scientific Use File. This will provide a rich source of potential analyses for the various disciplines (such as demographics, educational science, economics, psychology, sociology) concerned with educational and training processes, and it will provide the basis for major improvements in educational reporting and the provision of expert advice for policy makers in Germany.
Further information: https://www.neps-data.de/
FISS: Research Initiative on Language Diagnoses and Language Promotion
(funded by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF))
The aim of the “research initiative on language diagnosis and language promotion“ (FISS) is to compile empirically-based knowledge of appropriation, diagnosis and support of children’s and young people’s language competencies with particular focus on the specific language requirements in educational institutions. Within the research initiative, empirical research projects are supported, which involve language acquisition, diagnosis-based language development of children and young people (4-16 years), who has no substantively affected language learning skills. The focus is the acquisition, determination and support of native or nonnative children’s German language competencies.
The research initiative was interdisciplinary until July 2012 (Sabine Weinert, Bamberg, and Angelika Redder, Hamburg). Since August 2012, it is exclusively linguistical (supervised by Prof. Dr. A. Redder).
Further information: http://www.fiss-bmbf.uni-hamburg.de/ (in german language)