Professor for Digital Technologies in Heritage Conservation
Kompetenzzentrum Denkmalwissenschaften und Denkmaltechnologien
Lehrstuhl für Digitale Denkmaltechnologien
Am Zwinger 4 (Villa)
Telephone: +49 951 863-1634
Education and Qualification
Appointment to Professor and Chairholder for Digital Technologies in Heritage conservation
Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA), United Kingdom Professional Standards Framework (UKPSF) for supporting and learning in higher education, Descriptor 2. certificate of educational qualification
PhD in 3D imaging metrology for cultural heritage, UCL Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Sciences, University College London, UK
Associate Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (AFHEA UKPSF)
Master of Arts in Heritage Conservation, Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg/ Fachhochschule Coburg
Dipl.-Ing. Univ. Architecture, Technische Universität München (TUM)
EU COSCH - Colour and Space in Cultural Heritage, Working Group II: Spatial Object Documentation. Case study: Multi-modal imaging of Roman coins
EU COSCH Action: Colour and Space in Cultural Heritage. Part of Working Group II: Spatial Object Documentation. The main objective of this COST Action is to promote research, development and application of optical measurement techniques – adapted to the needs of heritage documentation – based on an interdisciplinary cooperation, on a concerted European level and to offer a novel and reliable, independent and global knowledge base facilitating the use of today's and future optical measuring techniques to support the documentation of European heritage. Part of COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) is one of the longest-running European frameworks supporting cooperation among scientists and researchers across Europe.
Wel(l)come@3D - knowledge exchange in 3D imaging technology, 3D printing and dissemination of archival and collection objects , Knowledge Exchange Champion, UCL Enterprise
Principal investigator, UCL Enterprise Knowledge Exchange Grant plus match funding by the partner Wellcome Trust for a collaborative project on in-house capacity building of 3D imaging in collections. "Wel(l)come@3D". Collaboration of UCL CEGE with UCL Digital Humanities, partnering with the Welcome Trust.
The British Postal Museum & Archive [BPMA] has a comprehensive record of stamp production in the UK from the introduction of the world’s first stamp, the Penny Black. BPMA holds approximately 1300 dies and rollers from the stamp printing process and 280 printing plates. These objects, made of metal, provide a fuller context for the cycle of stamp production. The objective for this project is to provide access to these very valuable objects. The aim is to capture these finely engraved printing plates, rollers and dies as 3D digital objects. These objects pose a challenge for 3D digitization since they are manufactured mainly from steel with high reflectance, making them difficult to measure with optical surface technologies. A public outreach event will be qualitative evaluation and feedback from the public and researchers through user testing of a public delivery with selected objects from the feasibility study. The 15 Share Academy projects 2013-2014 aim to build sustainable and mutually beneficial relationships between the higher education sector and specialist museums in London.
3DPetrie at the UCL Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology: 3D imaging research and use of new technologies in the museum. 3DPetrie is researching the viability of using high quality 3D images of museum collections to engage a range of audiences through the production of 3D models of Petrie Museum artefacts and the development of end-user digital 3D applications.
Re-engineering Watt: 3D laser scan and 3D printing in museum artefact documentation
Re-engineering Watt: A case study and best practice recommendations for 3D colour laser scans and 3D printing in museum artefact documentation. The project completed the full production cycle from an original negative plaster cast to the final product in the form of a physical exhibition replica of a newly discovered bust of James Watt. The replica has been accessioned and exhibited by the Science Museum, London, in "James Watt and our World".
3D digital documentation of a highly significant cultural heritage object from the Melanesian Southwest Pacific, held in the ethnographic collections of the British Museum. The object, which dates from about 1910, is a large plank-built war canoe from the island of Vella Lavella in New Georgia, Solomon Islands. 3D laser scanning is paired with anthropological research, which aims to deliver a holistic virtual 3D reconstruction and multimedia interactive delivery of the boat for the digital repatriation to the source community.Collaboration: University of Bergen, Norway; British Museum, London.
The project will investigate issues of authenticity of historic objects and the relationship between original and reproduction(s), in particular digital reproduction, by making a reproduction of a kinetic interactive work. The project will use SAM (Sound Activated Mobile), by Edward Ihnatowicz (1968), as an exemplar by 3D scanning the existing artefact, constructing a 3D virtual model and validating the model by 3D printing the constituent parts. Design with Heritage is a twelve-month Knowledge Exchange project supported by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC). The aim of the project is to develop connections between designers, academic researchers, and arts and heritage institutions by identifying shared interests and creating opportunities for collaboration.
E-Curator: 3D colour scans for remote object identification and assessment
The project 'E-Curator: 3D colour scans for remote object identification and assessment' was a one-year project from 2007 to 2008 at UCL Museums and Collections. This project draws on UCL's expertise both in curatorship and in e-Science. It takes advantage of the presence at UCL of world class collections across a range of disciplines and of a state of the art colour scanner, the quality of which is unequalled in the UK. The project explores the use of 3D colour scanning and e-Science technologies to capture and share very large 3D colour scans and detailed datasets about museum artefacts in a secure computing environment. The combination of these technologies could assist curators and conservators in object identification and assessment, both locally and remotely. The E-Curator project was jointly funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), the Arts and Humanities e-Science Support Centre (AHESSC), the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). The aim of this project is to bring together, through workshops, practical sessions and conferences, as well as in an edited publication, museum conservators, educators, scientists, curators and other professionals from the higher education and museum sectors who are interested in this technology and its implications across the heritage sector.
Appointment to Professor of Digital Technologies in Heritage Conservation and Chairholder at the University of Bamberg, Germany
since October 2017
Honorary Senior Research Associate, 3DIMPact Research Group, UCL Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering,
January 2014 to September 2017
Research Associate, Research Manager, Module coordinator, UCL Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering, UCL Faculty of Engineering Sciences, University College London, UK
September 2016 to January 2017
Research Fellow, Preserving Maya Heritage, Department for Africa, Oceania and Americas at the British Museum, Coordinator via Adecco UK on assignment to Google (The Google Cultural Institute), London, UK
August 2015 to June 2016
UCL Robotics Coordinator, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council – Impact Acceleration Award, UCL Robotics and Autonomous Systems, UCL Faculty of Engineering Sciences, University College London, UK
2008 to 2013
Research Associate, The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, UCL Public and Cultural Engagement, University College London, UK
September 2006 to August 2007
Graduate Research Intern, Getty Conservation Institute, Fields Projects department, The J. Paul Getty Trust, Los Angeles, USA, Project: Middle Eastern Geodatabase for Antiquities – Jordan (MEGA-J)
February 2005 to August 2006
Freelancer: Digital Cathedral Archives, Bamberger Dom, Dombauhütte, Staatliches Hochbauamt Bamberg
June 2004 to August 2006
Research Assistant, Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg, Professorship of Building Preservation Sciences, Institute for Archeology, Heritage Sciences and Art, cooperation with Prof. Dr. Rainer Drewello
August 2002 to September 2003
Apprentice Architect, L’étude de Louis Brillant, Montreal, Canada, Architect's office with a focus on the preservation of architectural monuments and conservation
August to September 2000
Apprentice Architect, Luca Gazzaniga & Carlo Ceccolini Architetti, Lugano, Schwitzerland
August to Oktober 1999
Apprentice Architect, Braunfels Architekten, Munich
- Hess, M., Schlieder, C., Troi, A., Jagfeld, M., Hindmarch, J., Henrich, A., 2019. Digital Technologies in Heritage Conservation. Methods of teaching and learning this M.Sc. degree, unique in Germany, in: Luigini, A. (Ed.), AISC 919: Digital Environments for Education, Arts and Heritage (EARTH2018). Presented at the Conference Proceedings #EARTH2018 Conference, Springer, Springer, Cham, Brixen, Italy, pp. 53–63. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-12240-9_7
Hess, M., Colson, A. and Hindmarch, J. (2018) Capacity Building and Knowledge Exchange of Digital Technologies in Cultural Heritage Institutions, Museum International, vol. 70, no. 1–2, pp. 48–61 [Online]. DOI: 10.1111/muse.12192
Chizhova, M., Hess, M. (2018) Semantic segmentation of building elements using Point Cloud Hashing, WGII/4- 3D Scene reconstruction and analysis, International Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences (ISPRS), at the ISPRS Technical Symposium Commission II “Towards Photogrammetry 2020”, June 2018, Riva del Garda, Italy. (DOI update will follow)
Hess, M., Drewello, R., Engel, U., Rahrig, M. (2018) Welttheater in 3D. Wie barocke Deckenmalereien ihre Geheimnisse offenbaren. in: Der universelle Wert. Neue Perspektiven auf das Welterbe in Bamberg und in aller Welt. Uni.vers Forschung. Mai 2018. S.20-23.
- Hess, M. (2018). Digitalisierung für Kultur, in: Epple, P. (Hrsg.), Digitalisierung, Zwischen Den Welten. Cuvillier, Göttingen Germany, pp. 53–74. ISBN 978-3-7369-9737-0, eISBN 978-3-7369-9737-1.
- Hess, M. (2018). Das Puppenhaus als Vorläufer des immersiven virtuellen 3D-Modells, in: Fuchs, B., Holtorf, C., Spiller, C. (Hrsg.), Modelle Die Die Welt Bedeuten. Wie Wissen Entsteht. Erich Weiss Verlag, Bamberg, Germany, pp. 60–65. ISBN: 978-3-940821-62-1
- Hess, M., MacDonald, L. W., & Valach, J. (2018). Application of multi-modal 2D and 3D imaging and analytical techniques to document and examine coins on the example of two Roman silver denarii. Heritage Science, 6, 5. doi:10.1186/s40494-018-0169-2 . Verfügbar auch über: http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1xp3w16
- Hess, M., Baik, A., Mathys, A., Guery, J. (2017). Technical sections: 3D laser scanning, Structure From Motion, Photogrammetry, in: Bentkowska-Kafel, A., MacDonald, L. (Eds.), Digital Techniques for Documenting and Preserving Cultural Heritage. Arc Humanities Press, Kalamazoo, Western Michigan University, USA.
- Hess, M., Garside, D., Nelson, T., Robson, S., & Weyrich, T. (2017). Object-based teaching and learning for a critical assessment of digital technologies in arts and cultural heritage. International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences (ISPRS), XLII-2/W5, 349-354. doi:10.5194/isprs-archives-XLII-2-W5-349-2017
- MacDonald, L. W., Moitinho de Almeida, V., & Hess, M. (2017). Three-dimensional reconstruction of Roman coins from photometric image sets. Journal of Electronic Imaging, 26 (1). doi:10.1117/1.JEI.26.1.011017
- MacDonald, L., Toschi, I., Nocerino, E., Hess, M., Remondino, F., & Robson, S. (2016). ACCURACY OF 3D RECONSTRUCTION IN AN ILLUMINATION DOME. ISPRS - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, XLI-B5, 69-76. doi:10.5194/isprs-archives-XLI-B5-69-2016 , Direct link to pdf,
- Hess, M., Serpico, M., Amati, G., Pridden, I., Nelson, T., & Robson, S. (2016). Developing 3D imaging programmes – workflow and quality control. AMC JOCCH , Journal of Computing in Cultural Heritage, 9 (1), 1:1-1:11. doi:10.1145/2786760
- Hess, M. (2016). James Watt - a VR encounter with the engineer. In I. Papadimitriou, A. Prescott, J. Rogers (Eds.), Engineering the Future. As part of V&A Digital Design Weekend 2016 (pp. 98-101). United Kingdom: Uniform Communications Ltd..
- Hess, M. (2016). Online Survey About Current Use Of 3D Imaging And Its User Requirements In Cultural Heritage Institutions. 2015 Digital Heritage, 2, 333-338. IEEE Xplore digital library. doi:10.1109/DigitalHeritage.2015.7419517
- Hess, M., Toschi, I., Nocerino, E., Menna, F., Sargeant, B., Macdonald, L.,Robson, S. (2015). Improving automated 3D reconstruction methods via vision metrology. SPIE Optical Metrology Proceedings.
- Hess, M., Korenberg, C., Robson, S., Entwistle, C., & Ward, C. (2015). Use of 3D laser scanning for monitoring of dimensional stability of a Byzantine ivory panel. Studies in Conservation Journal, 60 (Issue S1: Proceedings of the LACONA 10 Conference-Laser in Conservation of Artworks, Sharjah 2014), S126-S133. doi:10.1179/0039363015Z.000000000217
- Hess, M., Robson, S., & Hosseininaveh, A. (2014). A contest of sensors in close range 3D imaging: performance evaluation with a new metric test object. ISPRS - International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, XL-5, 277-284. ISPRS. doi:10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-5-277-2014
- Giacometti, A., Gibson, A., Hess, M., Hindmarch, J., Macdonald, L., Pal, K., . . . Weyrich, T. (2014). Heritage Imaging at UCL. Annual Conference of Association for Historical and Fine Art Photography (AHFAP).
- MacDonald, L. W., Guerra, Maria Filomena, Pillay, Ruven, Hess, M., Quirke, S., Robson, S., & Hosseininaveh Ahmadabadian, Ali. (2014). Practice-based comparison of imaging methods for visualization of toolmarks on an Egyptian Scarab. Image and Signal Processing - 6th International Conference, ICISP 2014, Cherbourg, France, Code 105931, 8509 LNCS, 239-246. Springer Verlag. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-07998-1_27
- Hosseininaveh, A., Sargeant, B., Erfani, T., Robson, S., Shortis, M., Hess, M., & Boehm, J. (2014). Toward fully automatic reliable 3D acquisition: from designing imaging network to a complete and accurate point cloud. Robotics and Autonomous Systems, -. doi:10.1016/j.robot.2014.04.001
- Hess, M., & Carnall, M. (n.d.). Wax apples, life flowers and hummingbird: limitations in the creation of digital 3D images for specimens. Examples from Naturkundemuseum Bamberg, Germany and Grant Museum of Zoology, UCL, London.
- Hess, M., & Robson, S. (2013). Re-engineering Watt: A case study and best practice recommendations for 3D colour laser scans and 3D printing in museum artefact documentation. In D. Saunders, M. Strlic, C. Kronenberg, K. Birholzer, N. Luxford (Eds.), Lasers in the Conservation of Artworks IX (pp. 154-162). London, UK: Archetype.
- Hess, M. V. M. (2013). The Science of 3D [Digital scholarly resource].
- Hess, M, & Robson, S. (2012). 3D imaging for museum artefacts: a portable test object for heritage and museum documentation of small objects. Proceedings of the XXIInd International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences Congress: 25 August - 1 September 2012, Melbourne, Australia: Imaging a Sustainable Future, XXXIX-B5, 103-108. International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. doi:10.5194/isprsarchives-XXXIX-B5-103-2012
- Macdonald, S., Hess, M., Robson, S., & Were, G. (2012). 3D Recording and Museums. In C. Warwick, Terras, Nyhan (Eds.), Digital Humanities in Practice (pp. 91-115). London, UK: Facet.
- Hosseininaveh, A., Serpico, M., Robson, S, Hess, M. V. M., Boehm, J, Pridden, I, & Amati, G. (2012). Automatic Image selection in Photogrammetric Multi-view Stereo methods. Eurographics. European Association for Computer Graphics.. doi:10.2312/VAST/VAST12/009-016
- Re, C, Robson, S, Roncella, R, & Hess, M. (n.d.). Metric accuracy evaluation of dense matching algorithms in archaeological applications.
- Hess, M., Robson, S., Simon Millar, F., Were, G., & MacDonald, S. (2011). Well Connected to Your Digital Object? E-Curator: A Web-based e-Science Platform for Museum Artefacts. Literary and Linguistic Computing, 26 (2), 193-215. doi:10.1093/llc/fqr006
- Hess, M., & Robson, S. (2010). 3D colour imaging for cultural heritage artefacts. International Archives of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, XXXVIII (Part 5), 288-292.
- Hess, M., Brown, I., MacDonald, S., & Robson, S. (2009). E-Curator: A 3D Web-based Archive for Conservators and Curators. Ariadne: Web magazine for information professionals (Ariadne Issue 60).
- Hess, M., Robson, S., Millar, F. S., Were, G., Hviding, E., & Berg, A. C. (2009). Niabara - the Western Solomon Islands War Canoe at the British Museum. 15th International Conference on Virtual Systems and Multimedia (VSMM 2009), 41-46. IEEE Computer Society. doi:10.1109/VSMM.2009.12
- Hess, M., Millar, F. S., Ong, Y. -. H., MacDonald, S., Robson, S., Brown, I., & Were, G. (2008). E-Curator: 3D Colour Scans for Object Assessment. Athens.
- Brown, I., Hess, M, Were, G, Robson, S, Ong, Y-H, Simon Millar, F, & MacDonald, S. (2008). e-Curator: A Web-based Curatorial Tool. Paper 1075. Edinburgh.
- Hess, M., Simon Millar, F., Ong, Y. -. H., Robson, S., Were, G., Brown, I., & MacDonald, S. (2008). Final report: E-Curator: 3D colour scans for remote object identification and assessment. ahessc (Arts & Humanities e-science support centre).
- Drewello, R., Fundel, S., & Hess, M. (2007). Interdisciplinary research project. Fragmentary Mural Paintings; Digital Documentation, Possibilities of Aesthetic Presentation and Exemplary Communication. 7th European Commission Conference; Saveur, 1&2, 427-437. Prague, Czech Republic: ITAM, European Communities.
- CIPA ICOMOS Heritage Documentation
- ICOMOS Deutschland
- ICOM Deutschland
- Deutscher Werkbund Bayern
- Deutscher Hochschulverband