Fersoy Dalak (MA)
"Die Entwicklung und Institutionalisierung des nordzyprischen Parteiensystems"
"The Development and Institutionalization of the Party System of Northern Cyprus"
The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus has a party system, which is clearly distinguishable from both the party system of the Republic of Cyprus and the party system of Turkey. The future development of Cyprus as a whole will be strongly shaped by the way political parties and other civil society organizations are institutionalized and aligned in both parts of the island. The overall objective of the present study is to analyse the development, shape and institutionalization of the party system of Northern Cyprus since the 1970s. The investigation will be based on Lipset and Rokkan’s (1967) seminal theory of the emergence of parties and party systems in Western Europe, arguing that European parties and party systems were shaped by significant and stable societal conflicts (cleavages) that had developed within European societies between the 16th and the 19th century. Although the development of the TRNC is a much more recent process, Lipset and Rokkan’s macro-political and macro-sociological perspective will help to shed light on the link between socio-economic modernization, voter alignments and patterns of conflict and cooperation between various groups in the political elite.
The main purpose of this first part is to establish the extent to which the party system of Northern Cyprus is shaped by clear, stable patterns of conflict and cooperation, which could be described as socio-economic cleavages. In a second step, the investigation will focus on the nature of party organizations in Northern Cyprus, using Panebianco’s (1988) framework and other theoretical work on party institutionalization to chart the organizational stability and adaptability of the major parties. By looking at both the location of political parties in the socio-economic cleavage structure and their internal organization, the study seeks to make a major contribution to knowledge on a very under-researched party system.