Office: Feldkirchenstr. 21, Room: FG1/00.11, 96052 Bamberg, Germany
Pillar3: Changes in Human Capital, Labour Markets and Demographic Structures and their Impact on Social Inequality in Modern Societies
Research Interests: Family Policy, ECEC provision, Female Labour Market Participation and Employment Biographies, Gender Inequalities in Paid and Unpaid Work, Social Inequality, Quantitative Research Methods
// DISSERTATION PROJECT
Cumulative Dissertation on “Expansion of State-subsidized Childcare Services in Germany"
Article 1: Expansion of Childcare Services and Changing Attitudes of Parents (with Pia S. Schober)
This study investigates whether the recent expansion of public childcare in Germany has been associated with individual-level change in attitudes regarding maternal employment and marriage. We extend the literature on inter-cohort attitude change by providing evidence on short-term impact of family policy institutions on attitude change over the life course. By comparing East and West Germany we examine whether different pre-reform levels of cultural acceptance of maternal employment, formal childcare, and marriage may moderate the effects. The analysis links the German Family Panel pairfam (2008 to 2013) with annual administrative records on childcare provision at county level and applies fixed-effects panel models. Our findings show that the childcare expansion has been associated with small changes to-wards less traditional attitudes regarding maternal employment and marriage for mothers in West Germany and fathers in East Germany. The relationship appears to be non-linear with larger changes in counties with lower starting levels of childcare provision. Differentiated analysis by parental education revealed significantly less traditional gender role attitudes only among college-educated mothers and fathers in East Germany and fathers in West Germany. The results provide evidence that family policy reforms may facilitate attitude change over the life course.
Article 2: Mothers' Return to Work Behaviour in East and West Germany: An Analysis of the Recent Childcare Expansion (with Irina Hondralis)
We investigate whether a recent expansion of state-subsidised childcare services for under-three-year-olds in Germany has shortened mothers' employment interruptions. By comparing East and West Germany, we examine whether the reform effect varies in two contexts, which differ markedly with regard to initial childcare provision prior to the reform, maternal labour supply and cultural attitudes. We combine rich longitudinal panel data from the Socio-Economic Panel (2005 to 2014) with annual administrative county-level data on childcare availability and estimate event history models. The results indicate that higher levels of childcare availability for under-three-year-olds reduce West German mothers' employment interruption durations, particularly in the second year after childbirth and increase the hazard rate of returning to more substantial employment. However, the reform effect is only significant for West German mothers and after a second childbirth. These East-West differences suggest that increasing childcare availability is most effective in reducing interruptions when starting at low levels and when the potential for reducing the time mothers spend out of employment after childbirth is large. The study extends the literature on return-to-work behaviour by providing evidence on the medium-term impact of family policy institutions on the length of mothers' employment interruption durations.
Schober, Pia S., Zoch, Gundula (2015): "Kürzere Elternzeit von Müttern: gleichmäßigere Aufteilung der Familienarbeit?", In: DIW Wochenbericht 50/2015, S.1190-1196.
Schober, Pia S., Zoch, Gundula (2015): "Change in the Gender Division of Domestic Work after Mummy or Daddy Took Leave: An Examination of Alternative Explanations", In: SOEPpapers, 803-2015.
// CONFERENCES AND WORKSHOPS
SLLS Annual International Conference 'Education and the Life Course: Determinants and Consequences of Unequal Educational Opportunities'. Presentation with Pia S. Schober: "Expansion of Childcare Services and Changing Attitudes of Parents". Bamberg/Germany. October 2016.
SLLS Annual International Conference 'Education and the Life Course: Determinants and Consequences of Unequal Educational Opportunities'. Presentation with Irina Hondralis: "Public childcare expansion and mothers’ return to work behaviour – Evidence from Germany". Bamberg/Germany. October 2016.
38. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie 'Geschlossene Gesellschaften'. Presentation with Pia S. Schober: "Normative Leitbilder der Sozialpolitik? Der Ausbau frühkindlicher Betreuung und die Einstellungsveränderung von Eltern". Bamberg/Germany. September 2016.
Annual ESPAnet Conference 2016. Presentation with Pia S. Schober: "Expansion of Childcare Services and Changing Attitudes of Parents". Rotterdam/Netherlands. September 2016.
Annual ESPAnet Conference 2016. Presentation with Irina Hondralis: "How does universal childcare affect return to work patterns and what role does the social background play? Evidence from Germany". Rotterdam/Netherlands. September 2016.
ISA RC28 Annual Summer Conference 2016 'Economic inequalities, deprivation, and poverty'. Presentation with Irina Hondralis: "Public childcare expansion and mothers’ return to work behaviour – Evidence from Germany". Bern/Switzerland. August 2016.
3rd ISA Forum of Sociology 'The Futures We Want: Global Sociology and the Struggles for a Better World'. Distributed Paper with Pia S. Schober: "Change in the Gender Division of Domestic Work after Mummy or Daddy Took Leave: An Examination of Alternative Explanations". Vienna/Austria. July 2016.
3rd ISA Forum of Sociology 'The Futures We Want: Global Sociology and the Struggles for a Better World'. Distributed Paper with Pia S. Schober: "Day-Care Expansion and Changing Attitudes of Parents". Vienna/Austria. July 2016.
Mentoring-Programm für Frauen in Wissenschaft und Forschung, University of Stuttgart. Presentation: "Verhandlung am Wickeltisch? - Der Einfluss der Elternzeit auf die partnerschaftliche Arbeitsteilung". Stuttgart/Germany. July 2016.
ESA Research Network 'Sociology of Families and Intimate Lives' (RN13) Interim Meeting 'Parenthood: Perspectives on Family Lives'. Presentation with Pia S. Schober: "Do Attitudes follow Family Policy? Analysing the Impact of Day-Care Expansion on Attitude Change of Parents". Bristol/UK. July 2016.
SOEP2016 - 12th International German Socio-Economic Panel User Conference. Presentation with Irina Hondralis: "Public childcare expansion and mothers’ return to work behaviour – Evidence from Germany". Berlin/Germany. June 2016.
Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Demographie 'Aktuelle nationale und internationale Herausforderungen der Demografie'. Poster with Irina Hondralis: "Beruflicher Wiedereinstieg im Zuge des Kitaausbaus". Leipzig/Germany. March 2016.
Hohenheimer Tage der Familienpolitik 2015 'Familienleitbilder und Familienrealitäten in Deutschland', Familien Forschung Baden-Württemberg. Presentation: "Partnerschaftliche Arbeitsteilung – neue Modelle in Familie und Arbeitswelt?". Stuttgart/Germany. October 2015.
Herbsttagung der Familiensektion 'Regional und soziale Rahmenbedingungen der Familie' , Deutsche Gesellschaft für Soziologie. Presentation with Pia S. Schober: "Der Ausbau frühkindlicher Betreuungseinrichtungen und die Einstellungsveränderung von Eltern". Heidelberg/Germany. October 2015.
Annual BAGSS Conference 2015 'Inequalities', Bamberg Graduate School of Social Sciences. Presentation with Pia S. Schober: "Day-care expansion and changing attitudes of parents". Bamberg/ Germany. September 2015.
Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Demographie 'Spektrum demografischer Forschung in Deutschland: Herausforderungen - Leistungen - Perspektiven'. Presentation with Pia S. Schober: "After Mummy and Daddy Took Leave: What Explains the (Un)Changed Gender Division of Domestic Labour?". Berlin/Germany. March 2015.
// ACADEMIC BACKGROUND
Doctoral Fellowship, Bamberg Graduate School of Social Sciences, funded by the DFG
10/2011 - 03/2014
M.Sc. Economics, Specialization: Applied Econometrics, University of Leipzig
Master thesis: ‘The Re-entry of Mothers After the Expansion of Day-care in Germany’
09/2008 - 09/2009
Erasmus Scholarship, University of East London, Great Britain
10/2005 - 12/2011
Diploma in Sociology (M.A. equivalent), Graduation with distinction, University of Leipzig
Diploma thesis: ‘Reservationslöhne in Deutschland – mikroökonomische Einflussfaktoren’
Lecturer at Chair of Sociology 1 (Prof. Dr. Sandra Buchholz), University of Bamberg
04/2014 - 10/2014
Research Associate at DIW Berlin, Dept. Education and Family
10/2013 - 12/2013
Research Assistant at Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Leipzig
04/2012 - 07/2013
Student Assistant at Institute for Economic Policy, University of Leipzig
02/2013 - 03/2013
Research Internship at DIW Berlin, Dept. of Education
10/2009 - 02/2013
Student Assistant at Institute of Sociology, Chair of Social Policy, University of Leipzig
07/2010 - 09/2010
Research Internship at University Hospital Leipzig, Dept. of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology
06/2009 - 07/2009
Research Internship at University of East London, Dept. of Sociology
Project ‘Exhausting Risks: CO2, the car industry and the regulatory state’
10/2007 - 07/2008
Research Internship at Institute of Sociology, Chair of Sociology and Methods, University of Leipzig
11/2007 - 02/2008
Student Assistant at Institute of Sociology, Chair of Comparative Analysis of Contemporary Societies, University of Leipzig
Seminar on Gender Role Attitudes (Winter term 2016/17, M.Sc.)
Seminar on Comparative International Family Policy (Summer term 2016/2017, M.Sc)
Stata Introduction as part of Advanced Econometrics (Winter term 2013/14, M.Sc.)
Seminar on Economic Policy (Summer term 2012 and 2013, B.Sc.)
Seminar on Social Policy (Winter term 2009/10 to 2012/13, B./M.Sc.)
Seminar on Analysis of Social Structures (WS 07/08, B./M.Sc.)
Service to the profession
Co-Organizer, Workshop 'The Role of Attitudes and Information in the Process of Political Decision-Making and Policy Use, University of Bamberg. Bamberg Graduate School of Social Sciences. March 2017
Co-Organizer, Conference 'Annual BAGSS Conference 2015 - Inequalities', Bamberg Graduate School of Social Sciences. September 2015
Ph.D. student representative for Bamberg Graduate School of Social Sciences, University of Bamberg (May 16 – Apr 17)
Prize for the best PhD conference presentation at European Sociological Association RN13 Interim Meeting (€ 250), Bristol, July 2016
Referee for Scientific Journals
Zeitschrift für Familienforschung (Journal of Family Research)
German Sociological Association, Group for Family Sociology
German Sociological Association, Group for Social Policy
International Sociological Association, Research Committee 06
Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies